Thank you for subscribing to Six Minutes. What if your speeches were more quotable? What if your speeches were more powerful? What if your speeches definition of literature by famous authors pdf more memorable?
Anaphora can do this for you. In this article, we examine how strategic use of repetition can elevate your speechwriting. Anaphora is the Greek term used to describe the repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or sentences. Anaphora, like many other rhetorical techniques, is commonly used in literature as well as in speeches. In August, 1963, Martin Luther King Jr.
Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children. In all, King’s speech contains eight examples of anaphora.
In the three examples below, anaphora is used more for its emphatic and unifying characteristics. I speak as briefly as possible because too much harm has already been done with irresponsible words of bitterness and selfish political opportunism. I speak as simply as possible because the issue is too great to be obscured by eloquence. I speak simply and briefly in the hope that my words will be taken to heart.
I speak as a Republican, I speak as a woman. I speak as a United States Senator. We’ll continue our quest in space. There will be more shuttle flights and more shuttle crews and, yes, more volunteers, more civilians, more teachers in space. My father’s fundamental belief never came from a textbook.
It stemmed from his deep love for and faith in all Canadians and over the past few days, with every card, every rose, every tear, every wave and every pirouette, you returned his love. We are rarely called to address a national or global audience on historic occasions. You can use anaphora in the classroom, the boardroom, or the ballroom. Keep these guidelines in mind when stitching anaphora into your speeches.
Use anaphora strategically to highlight a passage which is central to your core message. If you use it over and over again in every paragraph, its impact may be reduced. In most speeches, once or twice is probably enough. Instead, use anaphora strategically to highlight a passage which is central to your core message. There’s no rule that says where this should be, but opening or closing a speech with anaphora is common. Guideline 2: Choose simple, yet important words to repeat.
In nearly every example in this article, the speaker chose to repeat common, one-syllable words. Simple language is always a good choice, but this is especially so for repeated words. In each case, the repeated words echo key themes of the speech. King was sharing his dream and believed that the time had come for action. Churchill served notice that Britain was ready to fight. Pope John Paul II expressed hope for the future.
In a spoken speech, however, your audience doesn’t have this luxury. To achieve maximum effect, be sure to emphasize the repetitive words in your delivery. Add vocal power if it makes sense to do so. 4: Consider combining anaphora with other rhetorical devices.