Linux boot process pdf

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The purpose of this Instructable is to set up your computer to dual-boot Windows 7 and Ubuntu Linux. This is useful for experimenting with new OSes without putting all your linux boot process pdf in one basket.

A PC running Windows 7, with at least 30 GB of free hard-drive space. Most PCs sold in the last three years should meet the criteria for number 1. The listed version should be Windows 7. From that same screen, you should see how much free space you have left, which is underneath the blue bar for each disk. In the example image, there is “8. 49GB shown in the example is not enough space for most people.

While you can install Ubuntu to a partition this size, you will typically want more space store documents and applications. 20GB is probably the minimum size you would want. As of this writing, the current version of Ubuntu is 12. Depending on your internet connection, the ISO download may take a while.

The 32-bit version should be sufficient unless you are running specific applications that require a 64-bit variant of the OS. ISO files are disk images which have been stored for easy distribution and replication. After the ISO has downloaded, navigate to the folder it was downloaded to. This will launch a tool to burn the image to a CD or DVD. Once the disk is burned, remove it from the disk drive and label it for your future reference. WARNING: Be sure to backup your USB data before running UNetbootin, as it will reformat the drive and destroy any data previously on the USB drive. This is perhaps the most important step.

If anything goes wrong with the next few steps, this will allow you to restore your computer to its current state. You will need an external hard drive or enough disk media to hold your files. If you have already backed up your system, you can either update your backup or proceed to the next step. If you have never backed up your computer, now is the perfect time to start. Alternatively, you can use an online subscription-based backup service such as Mozy. This opens the backup and restore center.

In the new window that pops up, you’ll be able to see all of your partitions. Check your partitions – there are two common setups. On your larger partition, ensure that at least 30GB of free space available. It will take a little while for windows to analyze available free space, so be patient. Next, it asks how many MB you would like to shrink your volume.

For a typical Linux OS install 30GB should be plenty if you’re not planning on using it to store large files such as movies. If you see this, you are ready to go, and can close the Disk Management window. Note, this step will vary slightly depending you your computer’s make and model. If your computer’s documentation makes reference to an option to change the boot order, use that method to set the computer to boot from the disk drive or USB drive, depending on what media you used in step three. Reboot and boot into the Linux media, and proceed to step seven. If you cannot find such a reference, you will need to alter the boot order via BIOS. BIOS stands for Basic Input Output System.

It is a low-level environment the computer goes to before it loads the operating system. From here, many variables relating to the system’s hardware can be modified, so it is important not to make accidental changes as they may have dramatic effects on the computer as a whole. You will need to press one of the function keys, usually F5 or F12. This will get you into the system’s BIOS and allow you to change the boot priorities. If you miss BIOS, the system will continue booting as usual. If you end up in Windows, shut down and try this step again. CD drive or USB media, depending on what you burned the ISO to in the previous step.

Save your changes, insert the media into the drive, and reboot. Next, select “Try Ubuntu without Installing”. From here you can explore and get used to Ubuntu, as well as confirm that your network connections are working. Ubuntu documentation, as these settings may vary based on your system. Otherwise, If you’re ready to proceed, simply double-click the “Install Ubuntu” icon on the desktop to enter the install wizard. Choose your installation language, then on the next screen check the box that says “Install this third-party software”. This software is necessary to use MP3s.