The claim that Allah was worshipped as a moon god in Arabia is a fringe theory that has been proposed by some groups of scholars, including American evangelicals since the 1990s. Morey argues that “Allah” was the name of a moon no god but one allah or jesus pdf download in pre-Islamic Arabic mythology, the implication being that “Allah” as the term for God in Islam implies that Muslims worship a different deity than the Judeo-Christian one.
The name Allah, as the Quran itself is witness, was well known in pre-Islamic Arabia. Indeed, both it and its feminine form, Allat, are found not infrequently among the theophorous names in inscriptions from North Arabia. Semitic root used as a generic term for divinity. The word “Allah” was used by Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews in Arabia before the lifetime of Muhammad and is the translation of the phrase “The God” as used in their Greek scriptures to mean God. The moon plays a significant role in Islam because of the use of a lunar Islamic calendar to determine the date of Ramadan. The crescent moon, known as Hilal, defines the start and end of Islamic months as it did for the Babylonian calendar. Flag of the Islamic Republic of Turkestan.
The crescent moon symbol used as a form of blazon is not a feature of early Islam, as would be expected if it were linked to Pre-Islamic pagan roots. The use of the crescent symbol on Muslim flags originates during the later Middle Ages. Franz Babinger alludes to the possibility that the crescent was adopted from the Eastern Romans, noting that the crescent alone has a much older tradition also with Turkic tribes in the interior of Asia. In Turkish tradition, there is an Ottoman legend of a dream of the eponymous founder of the Ottoman house, Osman I, in which he is reported to have seen a moon rising from the breast of a Muslim judge whose daughter he sought to marry. Before Islam, the Kaaba contained a statue representing the god Hubal, which was thought by the locals to have powers of divination. On the basis that the Kaaba was Allah’s house, but the most important idol within it was that of Hubal, Julius Wellhausen considered Hubal to be an ancient name for idols.
The claim that Hubal is a moon god derives from the early twentieth century German scholar Hugo Winckler. More recent authors emphasise the Nabataean origins of Hubal as a figure imported into the shrine, which may have already been associated with polytheism. Uzzá is identical in origin to Hubal, whom he asserts to be a lunar deity. Those who claim that Allah is a pagan deity, most notably the moon god, often base their claims on the fact that a symbol of the crescent moon adorns the tops of many mosques and is widely used as a symbol of Islam. It is in fact true that before the coming of Islam many “gods” and idols were worshipped in the Middle East, but the name of the moon god was Sîn, not Allah, and he was not particularly popular in Arabia, the birthplace of Islam. It is an unproven theory, so it may well be false.
Even if it turns out to be true, it has little bearing on the Muslim faith since Muslims do not worship a moon god. That would be blasphemy in Islamic teachings. If we use the moon-god theory to discredit Islam, we discredit the Christian Arabic speaking churches and missions throughout the Middle East. He had seven arrows that were used for divination. Some Islamic scholars argue that Muhammad’s role was to restore the purified Abrahamic worship of Allah by emphasising his uniqueness and separation from his own creation, including phenomena such as the moon. The alleged miracle of the splitting of the moon shows that God is not the moon, but has power over it. Umar to get up and answer him and say, Allah is most high and most glorious.